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French Resistance hero Missak Manouchian laid to rest at the Panthéon

Armenian-born poet and communist activist Manouchian was considered a hero among the French Resistance movement, which rose up against the Nazi occupation of France.


Eighty years to the day after his execution by the Nazis at Mont-Valérien, Armenian resistance fighter Missak Manouchian will be inducted into the Panthéon on Wednesday.

His burial signifies the first time a non-French body has been interred at the Pantheon, which holds the remains of many famous French citizens, including Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Èmile Zola, and Marie Curie.

Manouchian’s burial is a respectful nod to his position as leader of the “Red Poster” (“L’Affiche Rouge”) group. 

The name derives from a propaganda poster distributed by Vichy France and German authorities in occupied Paris in 1944 to discredit 23 immigrant French Resistance fighters – members of a group led by Manouchian. 

The so-called Manouchian Group is considered one of the most active of the French Resistance effort against Nazi occupation, and Manouchian himself has long been thought of as a hero.

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